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The philosophical aspects of the abortion debate are logical arguments that can be made either in support of or in opposition to abortion. The philosophical arguments in the abortion debate are deontological or rights-based. Although both sides are likely to see the rights-based considerations as paramount, some popular arguments appeal to consequentialist or utilitarian considerations.
Consequentialist arguments on both sides tend to be vigorously disputed, though are not widely discussed in the philosophical literature. Contemporary philosophical literature contains two kinds of arguments concerning the morality of abortion.
Since the zygote is genetically identical to the embryo, the fully formed fetus, and the baby, questioning the beginning of personhood could lead to an instance of the Sorites paradox, also known as the paradox of the heap. It is wrong to kill innocent human beings. The embryo is an innocent human being.
Hence it is wrong to kill the embryo. That the embryo is a biologically human organism or animal is uncontroversial, Warren holds.