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2009 estimate cites an age between c. DNA in every living person differs the eve gene pdf by the mutations that have occurred over...

2009 estimate cites an age between c. DNA in every living person differs the eve gene pdf by the mutations that have occurred over generations in the germ cell mtDNA since the conception of the original “Mitochondrial Eve”.


The male analog to the Mitochondrial Eve is the Y-chromosomal Adam, the member of Homo sapiens sapiens from whom all living humans are patrilineally descended. Rather than mtDNA, the inherited DNA in the male case is the nuclear Y chromosome. Mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosomal Adam need not have lived at the same time. The name “Mitochondrial Eve” alludes to biblical Eve.

This has led to repeated misrepresentations or misconceptions in journalistic accounts on the topic. Unlike her biblical namesake, she was not the only living human female of her time. The title of “Mitochondrial Eve” is not permanently fixed to a single individual, but rather shifts forward in time over the course of human history as the Eve maternal mtDNA lineage becomes extinct.

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