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The link you are trying to access is no longer the dynamics of social welfare policy pdf. Cambridge Core now offers a more secure...

The link you are trying to access is no longer the dynamics of social welfare policy pdf. Cambridge Core now offers a more secure way for authors to access and share access to their work.


In order for journal article authors to get access to their work on Cambridge Core, they will now receive an email with two codes: one for them to access their article and another for them to share with others who may also wish to access. Once redeemed the article will become available. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards.

No cleanup reason has been specified. Please help improve this article if you can. Social welfare, assistance for the ill or otherwise disabled and for the old, has long been provided in Japan by both the government and private companies. Beginning in the 1920s, the government enacted a series of welfare programs, based mainly on European models, to provide medical care and financial support.

During the postwar period, a comprehensive system of social security was gradually established. The mixture of public and private funding have created complex pension and insurance systems. But a much older tradition calls for support within the family and the local community.

The futures of health and welfare systems in Japan are being shaped by the rapid aging of the population. A fourfold increase in workers’ individual contributions was projected by the twenty-first century. In Japan there are three types of Japanese national pensions arranged by the government and corporate organizations. Providing benefits, based on income up until retirement.

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