From the early 1970s new forms of social mobilisation began in India. They gained social movements in india by ghanshyam shah pdf variety of names such as social movement, people’s movement, popular movements etc.
These movements emerged and highlighted some of the major issues such as gender and environment. One of the leading analyst and participant in social movements in India, Sanjay Sangvi, identified the major agendas of them as “Movements of landless, unorganised labour in rural and urban areas, adivasis, dalits, displaced people, peasants, urban poor, small entrepreneurs and unemployed youth took up the issues of livelihood, opportunities, dignity and development.
These movements largely distanced themselves from political parties, or tried to cut across the ideologies of the political parties. Yet many of them rooted themselves or drew from ideologies of the Mahatma Gandhi, various shades environmentalisms or gender politics, or socialism. The most recent of social movements is ‘Campaign against corruption’, April 2011, led by a group of social activists- Anna Hazare, Arvind Kejriwal, Kiran Bedi , a Gandhian sits on, Sri Ram Burgula the heart of New Delhi, capital of India, for fast unto death, demanding enactment of the long pending Jan Lokpal Bill. This movement got support of general masses and media.