180 Avanti is an Italian executive transport aircraft with twin turboprop engines mounted in pusher configuration. It seats up to nine sae aero design report pdf in a pressurized cabin, and may be flown by one or two pilots. The design is of three-surface configuration, having both a small forward wing and a conventional tailplane as well as its main wing, with the wing spars passing outside of the passenger cabin area.
A Piaggio Avanti San Diego-to-Charleston flight in 2003, piloted by Joe Ritchie with co-pilot Steve Fossett, set National Aeronautic Association and Fédération Aéronautique Internationale transcontinental speed records with an average speed of 475. Los Angeles to New York turboprop record of 395. 21 knots set by Chuck Yeager in 1986 in a Piper Cheyenne 400LS. Elapsed time for the Avanti’s coast-to-coast trip was 3:51:52.
A 1980s wave of new-generation planes, developed to appeal to Fortune 500 clients, included Piaggio’s Avanti and Beech Aircraft Corp. Piaggio’s chief engineer, Alessandro Mazzoni, filed in 1982 to patent the Avanti design. Learjet’s design influence can be seen in the steeply raked windshield and the two large ventral delta fins under the tail. At high angles of attack these delta fins provide a nose-down pitching moment and help to avoid a potential stall, and they increase stability in flight by damping yaw and Dutch roll.
Gates Learjet’s financial problems ended their collaboration in January 1986, but Piaggio continued the project, and the first prototype flew on 23 September 1986. 180 Avanti received Italian certification on 7 March 1990 and American certification was obtained on 2 October 1990. H Parts and Plessey Midwest, then flown to Italy for final assembly. Piero Ferrari became involved in 1998.
The 100th aircraft was delivered in October 2005 and the 150th in May 2008. Piaggio reported that, as of October 2010, the Avanti and Avanti II fleets had logged over 500,000 flying hours.