EPA” and “Environmental Protection Agency” redirect here. United States which was created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. President Richard Nixon proposed the establishment protection of the environment operations act 1997 pdf EPA and it began operation on December 2, 1970, after Nixon signed an executive order. The order establishing the EPA was ratified by committee hearings in the House and Senate.
The agency is led by its Administrator, who is appointed by the President and approved by Congress. The current Administrator is Scott Pruitt.
The EPA is not a Cabinet department, but the Administrator is normally given cabinet rank. The EPA has its headquarters in Washington, D. The agency conducts environmental assessment, research, and education.
It has the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing national standards under a variety of environmental laws, in consultation with state, tribal, and local governments. It delegates some permitting, monitoring, and enforcement responsibility to U. EPA enforcement powers include fines, sanctions, and other measures.
The agency also works with industries and all levels of government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conservation efforts. In 2016, the agency had 15,376 full-time employees.
1 billion and to eliminate a quarter of the agency jobs. Stacks emitting smoke from burning discarded automobile batteries, photo taken in Houston in 1972 by Marc St. Beginning in the late 1950s and through the 1960s, Congress reacted to increasing public concern about the impact that human activity could have on the environment. Murray introduced a bill, the Resources and Conservation Act of 1959, in the 86th Congress.
The 1962 publication of Silent Spring by Rachel Carson alerted the public about the detrimental effects on the environment of the indiscriminate use of pesticides. In the years following, similar bills were introduced and hearings were held to discuss the state of the environment and Congress’s potential responses.
In 1968, a joint House-Senate colloquium was convened by the chairmen of the Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Senator Henry M. Jackson, and the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, Representative George Miller, to discuss the need for and means of implementing a national environmental policy. In the colloquium, some members of Congress expressed a continuing concern over federal agency actions affecting the environment. That bill would have established a Council on Environmental Quality in the office of the President, declared a national environmental policy, and required the preparation of an annual environmental report.
President Nixon signed NEPA into law on January 1, 1970. Executive Office of the President. NEPA required that a detailed statement of environmental impacts be prepared for all major federal actions significantly affecting the environment. Ruckelshaus sworn in as first EPA Administrator.