It is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken mostly in eastern India, with around 33 million native speakers globally. West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. Odisha and the second official language of Jharkhand. The language is also spoken by odia story book pdf download sizeable population of at least 1 million people in Chhattisgarh.
Odia is the sixth Indian language to be designated a Classical Language in India on the basis of having a long literary history and not having borrowed extensively from other languages. The earliest known inscription in Odia dates back to the 10th century AD.
Odia is mainly spoken in the state of Odisha, but there are significant Odia-speaking populations in other areas of India, such as the Midnapore district of West Bengal, the East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum Seraikela Kharsawan district, Simdega, Gumla, Khunti, Ranchi district of Jharkhand, the Srikakulam, Vizianagaram and Vishakhapatnam District of Andhra Pradesh, and the eastern districts of Chhattisgarh state. Due to the increasing migration of labour, the west Indian state of Gujarat also has a significant population of Odia speakers, with Surat being the city with the second largest Odia-speaking population in India. Significant numbers of Odia speakers can also be found in the cities of Vishakhapatnam, Hyderabad, Pondicherry, Bangalore, Chennai, Goa, Mumbai, Raipur, Jamshedpur, Baroda, Ahmedabad, New Delhi, Kolkata, Kharagpur, Guwahati, Shillong, Pune, and Silvassa.
The Odia diaspora constitute a sizeable number in several countries around the world, totalling the number of Odia speakers on a global scale to 55 million. It has a significant presence in eastern countries such as Bangladesh, Indonesia, mainly carried by the sadhaba, ancient traders from Odisha who carried the language along with the culture during the old-day trading, and in western countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and England as well.
The language has also spread to Burma, Malaysia, Fiji, Sri Lanka and Middle East countries. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced.
Kataki Odia or The Odia of Mughalbandi region is considered as Standard Odia due to literary traditions. It is spoken mainly in the eastern half of the state of Odisha, in districts like Khurdha, Puri, Cuttack, Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapada, Dhenkanal, Angul and Nayagarh district with little variation.
Midnapori Odia: Spoken in the undivided Midnapore District of West Bengal. Baleswari Odia: Spoken in Baleswar, Bhadrak and Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. Ganjami Odia: Spoken in Ganjam and Gajapati districts of Odisha and Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh.