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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Fazlur Rahman, was a modernist scholar and philosopher of Islam from today’s Pakistan.
His works are subject of widespread interest in countries such as Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia and Turkey. After teaching in Britain and Canada, he was appointed head of the Central Institute of Islamic Research of Pakistan in 1963.
Although his works were widely respected by other Islamic reformers, they were also heavily criticized by conservative scholars as being overtly liberal. This was quickly exploited by opponents of his political paymaster, General Ayub Khan, and led to his eventual exile in the United States.
He left Pakistan in 1968 for the United States where he taught at the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Chicago. His father, Maulana Shihab al-Din, was a well-known scholar of the time who had studied at Deoband and had achieved the rank of alim, through his studies of Islamic law, prophetic narrations, Quran’ic commentaries, logic, philosophy and other subjects. Rahman studied Arabic at Punjab University, and went on to Oxford University, where he wrote a dissertation on Ibn Sina.