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Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who developed the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and...

Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who developed the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who developed the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. One of the pioneers in the field of microbiology, Pasteur, along with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, is regarded as one of the three main founders louis pasteur biography pdf bacteriology.


Born as the son of a tanner who had served in the Napoleonic Wars, Louis grew up listening to his father’s patriotic tales which instilled in him a deep love for his country. As a young boy he loved to draw and paint, but his parents wanted him to focus on his studies.

He was an average student who even failed in his first attempt to clear the entrance test for École Normale Supérieur though he eventually went on complete his doctorate. He received international acclaim for developing the first vaccination against rabies and for his seminal work in the field of germ theory. Although much renowned for his groundbreaking scientific works, Pasteur’s life has also been the subject of several controversies.

Louis Pasteur was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, Jura, France, as the third child of Jean-Joseph Pasteur and Jeanne-Etiennette Roqui. His father was a tanner who had served as a sergeant major during the Napoleonic Wars. He was a creative young boy who loved to draw and paint. He was an average student in school and displayed little interest in academics.

1843 and received his Master of Science degree in 1845 and then acquired an advanced degree in physical sciences. He later earned his doctorate in sciences in 1847. In 1848, he was appointed professor of physics at the Dijon Lycée.

However, he quit the job to become professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg the same year. He became the dean of the new faculty of sciences at Lille University in 1854 where he began his studies on fermentation. Through his experiments, he demonstrated that fermentation is caused by the growth of micro-organisms, and that the growth of bacteria is due to biogenesis and not due to spontaneous generation as was normally believed at that time.

In 1857, he was selected to be the director of scientific studies at the École Normale Supérieure where he served till 1867. There he introduced several reforms, which were often very rigid.

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