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It is the seventh largest country in the world by area and the largest country in South Asia. It is also the most populous democracy in the world. India has seven neighbours: Pakistan in the north-west, China and Nepal in the north, Bhutan and Bangladesh in the north-east, Myanmar in the east and Sri Lanka, an island, in the south. The capital of India is New Delhi.
India is a peninsula, bound by the Indian Ocean in the south, the Arabian Sea on the west and Bay of Bengal in the east. India has the third largest military force in the world and nuclear weapons. India’s economy became the world’s fastest growing in the G20 developing nations in the last quarter of 2014, replacing the People’s Republic of China. India’s literacy and wealth are also rising.
However, it still has many social and economic issues like poverty and corruption. India has the fourth largest number of spoken languages per country in the world, only behind Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and Nigeria. People of many different religions live there, including the five most popular world religions: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
The latter three religions came from the Indian subcontinent along with Jainism. The National emblem of India shows four lions standing back-to-back. The name India comes from the Greek word, Indus, ultimately derived from the word sindhu, which in time turned into Hind or Hindi or Hindu. The preferred native name or endonym is “Bharat” in Hindi and other Indian languages as contrasted with names from outsiders.