Osteology is the scientific study of bones, practiced by osteologists. Osteology and osteologists should not be confused with the holistic practice of medicine known as human osteology a laboratory and field manual pdf and its practitioners, osteopaths.
Comparative Osteology Room in the La Plata Museum, Argentina. Comparison of Great Dane and Chihuahua skeletons at the Museum of Osteology, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
A recent endeavor by the city of London to expand their railway system unintentionally uncovered 25 human skeletons at Charterhouse Square in 2013. Although archaeological excavation of the skeletons temporarily halted the further advances in the railway system, they have given way to new, possibly revolutionary discoveries in the field, as well as re-write history. These 25 skeletal remains, along with many more that were found in further searches, are said to be among the mass grave dug to bury the millions of victims of the Black Death in the 14th century.
Archaeologists and forensic scientists have used osteology to examine the condition of the skeletal remains, to help piece together the reason why the Black Death had such a detrimental effect on the European population. It was discovered that most of the population was in generally poor health to begin with.
Through extensive analysis of the bones, it was discovered that many of the inhabitants of Great Britain were plagued with rickets, anemia, and malnutrition. There has also been frequent evidence that much of the population had traces of broken bones from frequent fighting and hard labor. This archaeological project has been named the Crossrail Project.
Archaeologists will continue to excavate and search for remains to help uncover missing pieces of history. These advancements in our past will only be further developed through more extensive research of other skeletons buried in the same area for years to come.
Everything you know about the Black Death is wrong”. Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual. Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains.
Arkansas Archeological Survey Research Series No. Cox, M and Mays, S.