Euonymus atropurpureus handbook of poisonous and injurious plants pdf a species of shrub in the bittersweet family. It has the commons names American wahoo, burningbush, and hearts bursting with love.
It is native to eastern North America. This species is primarily found in the Midwestern United States, but its range extends from southern Ontario south to northern Florida and Texas. It grows in low meadows, open slopes, open woodland, stream banks and prairies, in moist soils, especially thickets, valleys, and forest edges.
It is a deciduous shrub growing to 8 m tall, with stems up to 10 cm diameter. The bark is gray, smooth, and lightly fissured. The twigs are dark purplish-brown, slender, sometimes four-angled or slightly winged.
The leaves are opposite, elliptical, 8. 17 mm diameter, each lobe containing a single seed, orange with a fleshy red aril. The fruit is poisonous to humans, but is eaten by several species of birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings. It is used medicinally in both the United States and southeastern Canada.
The powdered bark was used by American Indians and pioneers as a purgative. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Euonymus atropurpureus. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States”.
Handbook of poisonous and injurious plants, New York Botanical Garden, p. This page was last edited on 5 December 2017, at 17:50.