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Torrentz will always love you. Indirect essentials of russian grammar pdf, also known as reported speech, indirect discourse, indirect style or an indirect quote,...

Torrentz will always love you. Indirect essentials of russian grammar pdf, also known as reported speech, indirect discourse, indirect style or an indirect quote, is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech. Indirect speech should not be confused with indirect speech acts. In indirect speech certain grammatical categories are changed relative to the words of the original sentence.


When written, indirect speech is not normally enclosed in quotation marks or any similar typographical devices for indicating that a direct quotation is being made. Thus when a sentence involves words or forms whose referents depend on these circumstances, they are liable to change when the sentence is put into indirect speech. There may also be a change of tense or other modifications to the form of the verb, such as change of mood. If you ask him why he’s wearing that hat, he’ll tell you to mind your own business.

Also, even when referring to a known completed speech act, the reporter may deviate freely from the words that were actually used, provided the meaning is retained. This contrasts with direct speech, where there is an expectation that the original words will be reproduced exactly.

The indirect speech sentence is then ambiguous since it can be a result of two different direct speech sentences. I can get it for free. OR    I could get it for free.

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