Please forward this error screen to 162. Written English uses 18 digraphs, such as ch, sh, th, ph, wh, etc. The English language was first written in the Anglo-Saxon futhorc runic alphabet, in use from the 5th century. This alphabet was brought to what is now England, along with the proto-form of english cursive alphabet pdf language itself, by Anglo-Saxon settlers.
Very few examples of this form of written Old English have survived, these being mostly short inscriptions or fragments. The Latin script, introduced by Christian missionaries, began to replace the Anglo-Saxon futhorc from about the 7th century, although the two continued in parallel for some time. Norman scribes from the insular g in Old English and Irish, and used alongside their Carolingian g. In the year 1011, a monk named Byrhtferð recorded the traditional order of the Old English alphabet.
Latin borrowings reintroduced homographs of ash and ethel into Middle English and Early Modern English, though they are not considered to be the same letters but rather ligatures, and in any case are somewhat old-fashioned. Thorn and eth were both replaced by th, though thorn continued in existence for some time, its lowercase form gradually becoming graphically indistinguishable from the minuscule y in most handwriting. Y for th can still be seen in pseudo-archaisms such as “Ye Olde Booke Shoppe”.