None at the national level but many anti-discrimination ordinances exist culture of the philippines pdf the local government level. The Family Code of the Philippines defines marriage as “a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman”. The Constitution of the Philippines does not prohibit same-sex marriage. Allowed for individuals but not allowed for same-sex couples.
Philippines have a distinctive culture, their legal rights are limited. Filipino society, but widespread discrimination remains. Filipino gays are known as bakla.
According to the 2002 Young Adult Fertility and Sexuality Survey, 11 percent of sexually-active Filipinos between the ages of 15 and 24 have had sex with someone of the same sex. Bakla and bading are Tagalog words for a man who has feminine mannerisms, or dresses or identifies as a woman.
Although the terms are not the equivalent of the English “gay”, the bakla are the most culturally-visible subset of gay men in the Philippines. Although bakla is sometimes used in a derogatory sense, bakla people have largely embraced it.
The bakla are socially and economically integrated into Filipino society. A common stereotype is a parlorista, a cross-dresser who works in a salon. Miss Gay Philippines is a bakla beauty pageant. In the Philippines, the word “gay” is used to refer to any LGBT person.
Neutral slang terms for gay men include “billy boy”, badette and bading. Although many of these terms are considered derogatory, they are sometimes used casually or jokingly by the Filipino gay and lesbian community. Although legislation supporting same-sex marriage in the Philippines has been proposed several times in the Philippine legislature, none has been passed. Filipino LGBT political party Ladlad from fronting a candidate in the 2007 general election, concluding that the party did not have a nationwide membership.
COMELEC again refused Ladlad’s petition to contest the 2010 elections on the grounds of “immorality”. However, on April 8, 2010, the Supreme Court of the Philippines overturned COMELEC’s decision and allowed Ladlad to participate in the May 2010 elections. The Philippines has been ranked one of the most gay-friendly nations in the world and is the most gay-friendly in Asia.
Philippines were the 10th most gay-friendly. It uses elements of Tagalog, English, Spanish and Japanese, celebrities’ names and trademarked brands, giving them new meanings in different contexts. Words derived from local languages or dialects, including Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Waray, Bicolano and other Philippine dialects, are also used by LGBT communities.
A Swardspeak speaker could be identified as homosexual, making it easier for people in the LGBT community to recognize each other. This created a group of speakers, helping the community resist cultural assimilation and marginalization. Straight people have begun to use Swardspeak, however, particularly in gay-dominated industries such as fashion and film. In the Philippines there are no laws pertaining to same-sex marriage or unions, but at least one church cites freedom of religion in sanctioning what it calls holy unions.
Same-sex marriage is gaining some ground in Southeast Asia, with Democrat parliamentarian Wiratana Kalayasiri leading an initiative in Thailand. She drafted a legalisation bill which would make Thailand the first Asian country to do so.
The Filipino Ang Ladlad party, whose founders, leaders and core constituency belong to the LGBT community, was recognized by the government and participated in party elections in 2013. Geraldine Roman is the first transgender person to be elected to the Philippine congress.