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The widespread use of children in cocoa production is controversial, not only for the concerns about child labor and exploitation, but also because, as...

The widespread use of children in cocoa production is controversial, not only for the concerns about child labor and exploitation, but also because, as of 2015, up to 19,000 children working in Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s biggest producer of cocoa, may have been victims of trafficking or slavery. Most attention on this subject has focused on West Africa, which collectively supplies 69 percent of the world’s cocoa, cocoa production in ghana pdf Côte d’Ivoire in particular, which supplies 35 percent of the world’s cocoa.


Thirty percent of children under age 15 in sub-Saharan Africa are child laborers, mostly in agricultural activities including cocoa farming. It is estimated that more than 1.

8 million children in West Africa are involved in growing cocoa. Major chocolate producers, such as Nestle, buy cocoa at commodities exchanges where Ivorian cocoa is mixed with other cocoa.

In 2013-2014, an estimated 1. 4 million children aged 5 years old to 11 years old worked in agriculture in cocoa-growing areas, approximately 800,000 of them engaged in hazardous work, including working with sharp tools and agricultural chemicals and carrying heavy loads. Not all work that children do is child labor. The worst forms of child labor, related to cocoa production, are using children as slaves or in debt bondage, trafficking them, and forcing them to do hazardous work, which includes using dangerous machinery or tools, manually transporting heavy loads, working with hazardous agents or working long hours.

In Ghana, the cocoa industry began in the late 19th century and in Côte d’Ivoire it began in the early 20th century. Ghana became the largest cocoa producer in the world in 1910.

By 1980 Côte d’Ivoire overtook Ghana as the biggest producer. In both countries, the majority of farms are small and family-owned.

Family members, including children, are often expected to work on the farms. 54 million tonnes of cocoa beans were produced. Two African nations, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, produce more than half of the world’s cocoa, with 1. Different metrics are used for chocolate consumption.

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