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During the Partition of India, violence against women was an extensive issue. It is estimated that during the partition between 75,000 and 100,000 women...

During the Partition of India, violence against women was an extensive issue. It is estimated that during the partition between 75,000 and 100,000 women were kidnapped and raped. The rape of women by males during this period is well documented, with women also being complicit in these attacks. It has been estimated that twice as many Muslim books on partition of india pdf were abducted compared to Hindu and Sikh women, due to the actions of organised Sikh jathas.


India and Pakistan later worked to repatriate the abducted women. Muslim women were to be sent to Pakistan and Hindu and Sikh women to India. The communal fury which engulfed the Punjab at the time of partition is said to have produced a human tragedy of almost “unimaginable” proportions.

All sections of Punjabi society were affected by displacement, looting, murder and assault. Women were singled out for humiliation at the hands of the rival community. Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru candidly described women as the chief sufferers of the partition event. The violence also affected women in other parts of the region such as Jammu and Kashmir and the Rajputana states.

Systematic violence against women began in March 1947 in Rawalpindi district. Over an eight day period many cases of rape and abduction took place as Sikh villages were attacked by Muslim mobs. Many women committed suicide while at other places Sikh women were put to the sword by their own men before an attack by Muslims was imminent.

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