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This process provides identification, protection, and automatic consecutive numbering bates medical book pdf the images. The Bates Automatic Numbering-Machine or Bates stamper is named...

This process provides identification, protection, and automatic consecutive numbering bates medical book pdf the images. The Bates Automatic Numbering-Machine or Bates stamper is named after the late 19th century inventor Edwin G.


Bates of New York City. He obtained several United States patents for the device from 1891 to 1901 and the patents were assigned to the Bates Manufacturing Company.

The earliest patent claimed a “new and useful improvement in Consecutive-Numbering Machines”, indicating that Bates was not the originator of the idea. Bates’ objective was “generally to increase the effectiveness, simplicity and compactness of machines of this general character”. Each time the machine was pressed down onto a sheet of paper, a rotating wheel was moved incrementally. The original machine described by Bates allowed numbering with a four-digit sequence, ranging from 0000 to 9999.

For example, page 852 in a document set would be 0852. Courts and law firms quickly adopted this system. Bates Manufacturing Company in 1993. As of 2011, Bates numbering machines are sold by Advantus Corporation of Jacksonville, Florida, which acquired the product line from GBC.

Bates numbering is commonly used as an organizational method to label and identify legal documents. During the discovery phase of litigation, a large number of documents might require the use of unique identifiers for each page of each document for reference and retrieval. Bates numbering, named for the Bates Automatic Numbering-Machine, assigns an arbitrary unique identifier to each page.

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