Persian Hanbali Sunni jurist and sufi based in Baghdad. Al-Gilani was born around 1077 in Al fath ar rabbani the sublime revelation pdf, Gilan.
Hasan was the eldest son of Ali and Fatimah. Ali was Muhammad’s son-in-law and also cousin and Fatima was Muhammad’s daughter. Al-Gilani’s mother was the daughter of Abdullah Sawmai, a descendant of Husayn ibn Ali, the younger son of Ali and Fatima.
Thus, Al-Gilani was both a Hasani and Hussaini Sayyid, and, because of this, he is also known as double Sayyid. Gilani is granted the title Sayyid to indicate his descent from Muhammad. The name Muhiyudin describes him as a “reviver of religion”. However, Gilani also carried the epithet Baghdadi.
He is also called al-Hasani wa’l-Husayni, which indicates a claim to lineal descent from both Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali, the sons of Ali and grandsons of Muhammad. Gilani’s father was from Sayyid lineage.